read The Ottoman Empire in the Tanzimat Era
Ower of the state but in other times worked hand in hand with state officials to build roads improve infrastructure and provide security.
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E two provinces and the crucial role of local intermediaries such as notables tribal leaders and merchants who at times undermined the p.
Yonca Köksal Özyaşar Æ 3 summary
This book is a new history of the Ottoman Empire's Tanzimat reforms in the provinces of Edirne and Ankara It studies variation across th.